The conference at Vitalis 2023 consists of several tracks with panel discussions, keynote presentations and studio talks. Most of the content will also be available online via live broadcasts and recorded lectures, available on demand.
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You can filter by topic, seminar type, target audience or time. There are also a number of thematic tracks in the programme.
Track: MIE: BioinformaticsAll sessions
Tikaram, Pragya p, Praveen Kumar Govarthan, Sudip Mukherjee
Tuesday May 23, 2023 10:45 - 11:00 G1
MIE: Bioinformatics, English, Pre-recorded + On-site, Presentation, Tools for implementation, Advanced, Researchers, Students, Healthcare professionals, Benefits/effects, Innovation/research
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain regions. Analysis of differential expression (DE) of transcriptomic data allows for genome-wide analysis of gene expression changes related to ASD. De-novo mutations may play a vital role in ASD, but the list of genes involved is still far from complete. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) are treated as candidate biomarkers and a small set of DEGs might be identified as biomarkers using either biological knowledge or data-driven approaches like machine learning and statistical analysis. In this study, we employed a machine learning-based approach to identify the differential gene expression between ASD and Typical Development (TD). The gene expression data of 15 ASD and 15 TD were obtained from NCBI GEO database. Initially, we extracted the data and used a standard pipeline to preprocess the data. Further, Random Forest (RF) was used to discriminate genes between ASD and TD. We identified the top 10 prominent differential genes and compared them with the statistical test results. Our results show that the proposed RF model yields 5-fold cross-validation accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 96.67%. Further, we obtained precision and F-measure scores of 97.5% and 96.57%, respectively. Moreover, we found 34 unique DEG chromosomal locations having influential contributions in identifying ASD from TD. We have also identified chr3:113322718-113322659 as the most significant contributing chromosomal location in discriminating ASD and TD. Our machine learning-based method of refining DE analysis is promising for finding biomarkers from gene expression profiles and prioritizing DEGs. Moreover, our study reported top-10 gene signatures for ASD may facilitate the development of reliable diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers for screening ASD.Keywords: Gene expression data, NCBI, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Random Forest, Statistical test
This presentation is about our work on a brain tumor detection using clustering methods. The ultimate goal is to use this process in a Digital Twin prototype